CALNEH

CALNEH (Heb. כַּלְנֵה, כַּלְנֶה). (1) Mesopotamian city mentioned together with Babel, Erech, and Akkad as cities in the land of Shinar which constituted the beginning of the kingdom of nimrod (Gen. 10:10). At present there is no acceptable identification of Calneh, although the other cities mentioned together with it in Genesis are known from Akkadian inscriptions. No identification of Calneh can be made on the basis of the "land of Shinar," which serves in this instance, as elsewhere in the Bible, as a synonym for Babylonia (cf. Yoma 10a, which identifies Calneh with נופר, i.e., the modern Tell Nuffar, ancient Nippur, connecting this name with נינפי, i.e., nymphe; the Greek equivalent of the Hebrew כַּלָה, kallah, "bride"). Some revocalize the word to read kullaneh, "all of them," i.e., "all of the aforementioned cities are in Shinar." (2) Calneh, Calno (כַּלְנוֹ, כַּלְנֶה), a city in northern Syria identified with Kullāni or Kulania, which is mentioned in connection with tiglath-pileser iii 's conquests in his annals of the third year of his reign. The references to the city in Amos 6:2 and Isaiah 10:9 (as Calno) allude to Tiglath-Pileser's conquest in 740–732 B.C.E. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: EM, 4 (1962), 184 (includes bibliography).

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Calneh — was said to be one of the four cities founded by Nimrod, according to Genesis 10:10 in the Bible. Its identity is uncertain, and remains a mystery. The verse in question reads, ...the beginning of his [Nimrod s] kingdom was Babel, and Erech, and… …   Wikipedia

  • Calneh —    Fort, one of the four cities founded by Nimrod (Gen. 10:10). It is the modern Niffer, a lofty mound of earth and rubbish situated in the marshes on the left, i.e., the east, bank of the Euphrates, but 30 miles distant from its present course,… …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • Халне — считается одним из четырех городов, основанных Нимродом, согласно библейской Книге Бытия (10:10). Его подлинность является неопределенной и остается загадкой.[1] Соответствующий стих гласит: «Царство его вначале составляли: Вавилон, Эрех, Аккад и …   Википедия

  • Nimrod (Bible) — Nimrod (Hebrew Name|נִמְרוֹד|Nimrod|נִמְרֹד|Nimrōḏ) was a Mesopotamian monarch mentioned in the Jewish Tanakh, and who figures in many legends and folktales.Several ruins preserve Nimrod s name,Harris, Stephen L., Understanding the Bible. Palo… …   Wikipedia

  • Nimrod — This article is about the biblical king. For other uses, see Nimrod (disambiguation). Pieter Bruegel s The Tower of Babel depicts a traditional Nimrod inspecting stonemasons …   Wikipedia

  • TIGLATH-PILESER II° — (Tukulti apil Esharra ( My trust is (in) the son of (the Temple) Esharra ) the Third; reigned 745–727 B.C.E.), founder of the Assyrian Empire, which profoundly affected the history of the ancient Near East and in particular the fate of Israel. He …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Nemrod — Grabado de Nimrod sujetando un ciervo. Nemrod o Nimrod fue un monarca legendario de Mesopotamia, mencionado en el capítulo 10 del libro de Génesis, quien además figura en numerosas leyendas y cuentos. Varias ruinas preservan el nombre de… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Babylonia — • Includes geography, history, and biblical references Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Babylonia     Babylonia     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Kalne — ist eine Stadt in der Bibel. Sie wird von Jesaja 10, 9 im Rahmen der Prophezeiungen gegen Assur erwähnt: Ist Kalne nicht wie Karkemisch, Hamath, nicht wie Arpad, Samaria nicht wie Damaskus? Auch Amos (6,2) erwähnt die Zerstörung von Kalne: Geht… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • RAQQA — (al ), city on the Euphrates in N.E. Syria, founded in 722 by the abbasid caliph al Manṣūr. The Jews identified al Raqqa with the Calneh of Genesis 10:10. According to the Arab geographer al Muqaddasī (late 10th century) the city was an important …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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